Here an interesting proposal for sailors, current and future ones. Imagine this: Next time you sail with your ship, be that single-handed, with friends or family, without extra effort you’ll make an essential contribute to saving our planet, too. Without any additional costs. Just by sailing and having fun as usual. How does that sound? The name: Sailors for ocean science. Here is how it works.
Short answer: Sailors cruising the oceans help ocean scientists gather a great variety of urgently needed data about marine life.
We all know: No useful science without sufficient accurate, reliable data. To understand and predict processes like ocean weather patterns, ocean acidification or whatever impacts our ocean’s food web, much more data is needed than we currently have. Oceanography, in itself still a very young science, needs funding for research trips – impressive amounts of it. Funds are very limited though. Consequently, collected data to date still is very scarce, certainly considering the huge areas that have to be examined yet. We need to gather and evaluate huge amounts of scientific quality data way sooner (think: Paris talks, COP ) than traditional funding schemes can enable.
Crowdsourcing ocean data to save our 7 seas
This is where sailors come in. Thanks to growing numbers of technologically advanced sailing vessels out there – and I mean: real big numbers and almost everywhere out there, since affordable GPS and other smart technology came up – a viable option appeared at the horizon, apt to provide a wonderful pragmatic solution!
Sailors, normal citizens like you and me, have begun to help marine science by gathering scientific data. And thus far this appears a golden match: Sailors not only have the health of our oceans high on their own list of priorities anyway. They also know quite well how to move out there (think of navigational skills & equipment, suitable all-weather gear), often even in extremely remote areas and practically all year round. And they constantly observe nature per default – weather patterns and tidal currents, for instance. Best thing of all, they love to contribute and get involved. For many of them, the short actions to perform for science – if any at all – are a very welcome break of their simple routines out on the water, too. Especially during longer trips. Now multiply this fine combination by a few thousand worldwide and you get the excellent potentials.
Here is how it works.
Long live Internet which allows to contact the respective project very quickly and easily. Just visit the websites mentioned in this article. You get in touch with a project, meet up, tell them your planned sailing route. They provide the device and where applicable, will give you some basic training: How to use that device and what data to collect. So when you cast off, your ship will have a little silent guest aboard: A simple small device, to use later on for a few minutes during your cruise, every once in a while. Or a device fixed at the stern pulpit of your ship, without further action from your side. And not obstructing sailing in any way. The point is to collect scientific data and in some cases, get samples, too: From the air and the water while your ship is moving. Some devices have to be actively operated by the sailors to collect samples. Others do the job passively and all by themselves. Once in a while, you either send collected data to a remote centre. Others you just return when you come back and they’ll be read out by the scientists.
What kind of projects and devices?
Some examples. Let’s start with the laziest variant: Meet OSMO, your spacy little passenger! OSMO stands for Ocean Sailing Microbial Observatory (OSMO) and is “an auto-sampling device that collects meta-data such as temperature, pH and salinity. The OSMO records time, date and location of the vessel at the time of sampling. The raw data is sent to the Indigo lab via satellite SMS and we are able to put a time and location stamp on every sample. Microbial data is also collected via seawater filtration to be further analyzed onshore. Involvement for sailors is easy and free! OSMO will be attached to the stern pulpit using sturdy integrated hard plastic brackets. It is fully automated, and supplies its own power. Sailors do not need to operate the OSMO and it does not slow sailing performance.” That was a verbatim quote from the Sailors for the Sea website, precisely, from this fine article titled Citizen Science for Cruisers. Curious how all the science supporting sailing traffic can look on a map? Read in the above mentioned Sailors for the Sea article how New Zealand based Pangolin has developed their so called Ocean Passage Planner.
There is more. Now, think about a short and interesting activity break of your afternoon laziness out there:
Your smartphone and a Secchi disk
This project involves the measuring of marine phytoplankton. It is done with the help of a so called Secchi disk, an equally simple as ingenious device named after its inventor (Angelo Secchi, disk invention: 1865): A “30 cm, flat, white disk attached to a tape measure or a rope, and weighted from below by a small 200g weight.” Says Dr. Richard Kirby of Plymouth University who conducts this citizen science project. Gradually lowered into the water, the disk will reveal water turbidity there, proportional to water depth. Dr. Kirby also runs a great informative website about it called planktonpundit.org. It is packed with most fascinating information about the micro-cosmos of marine life.
Another project kindly inviting your laid-back involvement has the scope to detect metals contained in seawater. This would require using “a pole with a bottle on the end and then processing the samples cleanly in a clean-air enclosure in, well, in the galley”! Explains Jay Cullen in an article published by The Globe and Mail from Canada.
The above are just a few examples for a growing variety of citizen science projects for the oceans, far from the world of huge budgets. You don’t need a university degree, leave alone a chic super yacht to participate. As long as your ship can cruise the open sea. Those kinds of projects out at sea complement similar awesome marine science initiatives, among which the Marine Mammal Identification Network or the fascinating Floating Forests project.
Which by the way makes me wonder whether there is any link between those kelps and a phenomenon here in The Netherlands called ‘waterplanten’….that is to say: A different kind of floating forest coming up in the Dutch Markermeer in recent years, very quickly growing, actually more like a jungle than a forest, year after year. Markermeer sailors know all about it. More about that on a different occasion.
So who ever said that saving the planet can’t be fun, rewarding and inspiring? On a final note: If you have friends who love this concept but have no whatsoever affinity to water and sailing, point them to this article. It describes citizen science opportunities mainly for land based projects.
Have a great time out there!